les verbes irréguliers en anglais

Les verbes irréguliers essentiels

Les verbes irréguliers sont nombreux en anglais. Les connaître est cependant indispensable pour parler et écrire un anglais de qualité.

 

Les verbes irréguliers essentiels en anglais

Infinitif Prétérit Participe-passé Traduction
awake awoke awoken se réveiller
be was / were been être
bear bore borne porter, supporter
beat beat beaten battre
become became become devenir
begin began begun commencer
bend bent bent (se) pencher, (se) courber
bet bet bet parier
bite bit bitten mordre
bleed bled bled saigner
blow blew blown souffler
break broke broken casser
bring brought brought apporter
broadcast broadcast broadcast diffuser
build built built construire
burn burnt burnt brûler
burst burst burst éclater
catch caught caught attraper
choose chose chosen choisir
come came come venir, arriver
cost cost cost coûter
cut cut cut couper
deal dealt dealt gérer, distribuer
dig dug dug creuser
do did done faire
draw drew drawn dessiner
drive drove driven conduire
eat ate eaten manger
fall fell fallen tomber
feel felt felt sentir, ressentir
fight fought fought se battre
fly flew flown voler
forbid forbade forbidden interdire
forget forgot forgotten oublier
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
get got gotten recevoir
go went gone aller
grow grew grown grandir
hang hung hung accrocher, pendre
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
hide hid hidden cacher
hit hit hit frapper
hold held held tenir
hurt hurt hurt blesser / avoir mal
keep kept kept garder
know knew known savoir
leave left left quitter, laisser
lend lent lent prêter
let let let laisser
lie lay lain s’allonger
light lighted/lit lighted/lit allumer
lose lost lost perdre
make made made faire
mean meant meant signifier
meet met met rencontrer
overcome overcame overcome surmonter
pay paid paid payer
prove proved proven prouver
read (qui se prononce avec le son /i/) read (qui se prononce avec le son /e/ comme red) read (qui se prononce avec le son /e/ comme red) lire
rise rose risen se lever
run ran run courir
say said said dire
seek sought sought chercher, rechercher
shake shook shaken secouer
show showed shown montrer
shut shut shut fermer
sing sang sung changer
sink sank sunk couler
speak spoke spoken parler
spend spent spent dépenser
stand stood stood être debout
steal stole stolen voler
swear swore sworn jurer
take took taken prendre
teach taught taught enseigner
think thought thought penser
understand understood understood comprendre
win won won gagner
withdraw withdrew withdrawn (se) retirer
write wrote written écrire

Retiens bien ces verbes irréguliers en anglais ! Good luck ! N’hésite pas à également jeter un coup d’œil aux verbes prépositionnels.