Corrigé du bac d’anglais LV1 2018 (S-ES-L)

Annales 2018 Amérique du Nord– Correction

Voci une correction détaillée sur BAC d’anglais LV1 2018 en Amérique du Nord avec de nombreux commentaires méthodologiques. N’hésitez pas à lire d’autres annales pour bien vous entraîner.

Vous pouvez consulter l’intégralité du sujet du bac d’anglais LV1 2018 Amérique du Nord juste ici

Compréhension écrite du bac d’anglais LV1 2018

Avant toute chose, voici les repérages essentiels à faire avant de répondre aux différentes questions :

Document A du bac d’anglais LV1 2018

The Amazing, Possibly True Adventures of Catman Keeley and His Corporate Hoboes

What is it ? Quel est le type de document auquel tu as affaire ? C’est un extrait de magazine.

N’oubliez pas de répondre aux 4 WH- avec systématiquement les numéros de ligne associés à la citation choisie.

Who ?

Capman Keeley

  • the former veterinarian, ex-raquetball champ, and freight-hopping adventurer” (paratexte)
  • Keeley(…) a kind of loner” l.1
  • his first 65 years on Earth” l.3
  • he wants to maintain a distinction between his traveler persona and his legal identity” l.6-7
  • the Keeley package” l.8
  • he was a sort of objectivist folk hero” l.19

Les clients de Keeley

  • Keeley’s ‘executive hoboes’ – an almost exclusively white, almost exclusively male fraternity of lawyers, programmers, researchers, entrepreneurs, and investors” l.11-13
  • “working professionals” l.4
  • high-rolling friends”l.15

When?

Utilisation du prétérit (“I decided”  l.21, “I told Keeley” l.21) : récit au passé.

Le texte a été écrit en 2015 (voir fin du texte)

Where ?

Il s’agit de voyages, il n’est donc question d’aucun lieu fixe.

  • on the road with…” (paratexte)
  • his adventures” l.2
  • travel service” l.4
  • on the rails” l.5
  • hobo jungles” l.10
  • trips (…) across the Mexican desert” l.11
  • Aspen retreats” l.15

What ?

  • the option of staying at homeless shelters” l.9
  • or bivouacking in encampments known as hobo jungles” l.9-10
  • spelunking trips in abandoned mine shafts” l.9-10
  • “treks across the Mexican desert” l.11

Description de Catman Keeley et son “agence de voyages” de la ligne 1 à la ligne 20 puis l.21-22 : “I decided to sign up

Le narrateur, Tim Murphy, s’inscrit pour partir à l’aventure avec Catman Keeley.

Document B du bac d’anglais LV1 2018

Qantas chartered flight to Antartica: What It’s like to fly over the coldest continent on earth

Sue Bennett, TRAVELLER, Nov.28.2016

What is it ? Extrait du magazine ou du journal Traveller / “traveller.com is a commercial travel site” (paratexte)

Who ?

  • Passengers” l.3
  • People line up to be photographed” l.8-9
  • One elderly man” l.9
  • Children” l.11
  • Generous grandparents” l.11
  • company founder Phil Asker” l.15
  • People squash noses against windows” l.21-22
  • flight veteran Captain Cameron Hartman” l.23
  • We’ve reached the Antarctic mainland” l.31
  • The father and his three middle-aged sons from Idaho and Massachusetts in the US”l.32-33
  • Dad is a retired geologist” l.34
  • The Maroubra man whose kids gave him the trip for Christmas” l.36
  • the 93-year-old Bondi woman, travelling with her daughter-in-law” l.37

When ?

  • a boarding time of 7am” l.1-2
  • for 13 hours” l.3 (on remarque que ‘for’ – qui signifie ‘depuis’ – indique une durée)
  • it’s a sweltering February day outdoors” l.10
  • By 8.45am, the drinks trolley is doing the rounds” l.18
  • Three hours later” l.20

Where ?

  • Sydney’s terminal” l.1
  • The journey takes them to the most remote place on Earth; to the highest, driest, windiest, coldest continent on Earth.To a place twice the size of Australia, (…), Antartica” l.4-7
  • Australia’s Antartica Flights” 13-14
  • We’ve reached the Antarctic mainland” L.31
  • from Idaho and Massachusetts in the US” l.32-33
  • flew to Sydney” l.33

Attention aux prépositions qui indiquent les déplacements des personnages.

What ?

  • Mystery Flight” l.1
  • Passengers on QF2904 take a 747-400 jumbo jet that flies, non-stop, for 13 hours and in a circle” l.3-4
  • Antarctica” l.7
  • Australia’s Antarctica Flights is the only company in the world to do this sightseeing flyovers” l.13-14

Document C du bac d’anglais LV1 2018

What is it ? C’est vraisemblablement une affiche du film Water on Mars

On apprend dans le paratexte qu’elle a été réalisée “by Steve Thomas, American illustrator

Who ?

2 astronautes au premier plan.

When ?

Aucune indication, si ce n’est que le style d’illustration est assez daté et laisse supposer que le film date des années 70 ou 80.

Where ?

Sur Mars, comme l’indique le titre (et les planètes au loin qui suggèrent bien qu’on se trouve dans l’espace).

What ?

L’aventure d’astronautes ayant découvert de l’eau sur mars? Un voyage d’exploration sur une autre planète.

Maintenant que ces repérages sont faits, et uniquement maintenant, vous pouvez répondre aux questions.

Les questions

DOCUMENT A

Q1. :

Age 2 previous occupations What he does today
65 (years old) Veterinarian / Raquetball champ Travel guide

Justifications (that you do not write in your answers if not asked)

  • his year 65 years on Earth” l.3 = il a donc 65 ans.
  • ex-veterinarian, ex-raquetball champ” dans le paratexte de l’article
  • Now, he has “a travel service” l.4 = he is a travel guide.

Q2. :

a) His clients are “lawyers, programmers, researchers, entrepreneurs, and investors” (l.13)

b) His clients are white men working in an office: “almost exclusively white, almost exclusively male” l.11-12 / they have “deskjobs” l.5

Q3. : 

a) Keeley’s package includes “the option of staying at homeless shelters” l.9, “bivouacking in encampments known as hobo jungles” l.9-10, “spelunking trips in abandoned mine shafts” l.9-10, and “treks across the Mexican desert” l.11

b) These privileged men discover what it is to travel with rough conditions in natural settings. They will have no comfort and will have to deal with nature.

(Bivouacs, treks… appartiennent au champ lexical de l’activité en plein air, et sont donc liés à la nature)

(L’expression “how the other half lives” dans le paratexte souligne que ces hommes ne sont pas habitués à la pauvreté et à l’effort)

c) They chose Bo Keeley because of the originality of his trips (“break out of the monotony of their desk jobs” l.4-5) and because of his personal experience (told in details on his website, as suggested l.3) which makes him a good travel guide.

Q4. :

a) In the first instance, the narrator is talking about a destitute jungle, in a rather negative way, whereas in the second expression refers to the rich men following Keeley on his adventures. The first expression seems deprecated whereas the second one seems more laudatory.

b) According to the article, tourists seem to want to experience something completely different from their own lives. Very rich people want to experience life without any comfort. It is as if they wanted to reassure themselves that they have a better life than those they saw during their trips.

(“how the other half lives”)

The expression “going Galt was possible” (l.20) seems to suggest that they chose Bo Keeley Tours because they want to prove themselves that if they wanted to, they could abandon their day jobs and go on adventures. They want to know that they are capable of a radical change, even though they will probably never take that extra step.

(“Perhaps he was a sort of objectivist folk here who reminded them going Galt was possible, even if they never would” l.19-20)

Q5. : The tone of the text is quite humorous. The journalist seems to poke fun at Keeley when he talks about his name for instance (“he spells his name without the third “e” when he’s writing because he wants to maintain a distinction between his traveler persona and his legal identity, or, depending on when you ask him, because it’s easier to sign autographs” l.5-8), suggesting that Keeley is building a whole persona for marketing purposes. In the sentence

Perhaps he was a sort of objectivist folk hero who reminded them going Galt was possible, even if they never would. Or maybe they just really liked trains” (l.19-20), the journalist seems very solemn at first when suddenly he introduces a very down-to-earth idea, the fact that rich men are going on this adventure to take the train. The contrast between a philosophical reflection on life and society (with the mention of Galt) and plain reasons such as one’s love for train journeys makes the reader smile.

Moreover, the tone is also personal, since the journalist uses “I” and expresses his thoughts and feelings – especially at the end of this excerpt: “frankly, I wasn’t sure he was real” l.22

Mots clés utiles

humorous (= humoristique)

to poke fun at (= to make fun of = se moquer de)

for instance (= for example)

a purpose (= a goal)

solemn (= solennel)

down-to-earth (= terre-à-terre, réaliste, pragmatique)

excerpt (= un extrait)

DOCUMENT B

Q6. :

Type of transport Country of departure Duration Sightseeing destination General description of destination Elements of landscape
Plane / Jet Australia 13 hours Antarctica High, cold, dry, windy Icebergs, ocean

Q7. : The plane does not stop in Antarctica, it goes in circle: it’s a sightseeing trip and the passengers only see Antarctica from above.

Q8. : a) The father and his sons from the United States of America, the Maroubra man and the Bondi woman are four different types of passengers on that plane.

  • The father and his three middle-aged sons from Idaho and Massachusetts in the US” l.32-33
  • The Maroubra man whose kids gave him the trip for Christmas” l.36
  • the 93-year-old Bondi woman, travelling with her daughter-in-law” l.37

b) For the passengers, this trip is either a dream they have had their whole life, or a precious gift from a family member.

(“a lifelong ambition” l.34)

(“kids gave him the trip for Christmas” l.36)

Q9. : Only a few people have been able to go to Antarctica: this plane company is the only company that does this kind of sightseeing trip, and since it was created, only 40,000 people have done it. It is an “elite club” because not a lot of people can say they have been to Antarctica, or on that specific plane. Plus, it costs a lot of money to be able to do the trip, as suggested in “We’ve still not worked out which of us is going to pay” (l.34-35).

Q10. : It does seem to be an expedition. Indeed, people have traveled from America to Australia just to get to Antarctica (“flew to Sydney with the sole purpose of taking this flight” l.33-34) and the trip is going to take them very far away (“to the most remote place on Earth” l.4-5)

Q11. : The company makes the trip into a whole adventure. First, the name “Mystery Flight” on the board makes it sound like a very special trip, turning passengers into lucky adventurers, part of a special mission. Then, the fact that people can be photographed with a penguin mascot shows that the whole trip is considered a once-in-a-lifetime experience, something very special that starts at the departure gates. The marketing around the trip is that of a unique occasion – which is quite accurate since this company is the only one doing a sightseeing trip.

Document C du bac d’anglais LV1 2018

Q12. : The film is likely to be an adventure movie since it displays a rocket behind the astronauts as well as other planets in the background.

to display (= représenter, montrer)

Q13. : 

a) Thanks to the written elements on the poster – the title and the subtitle at the top of the poster – we are told that the movie is about Mars.

b) The poster seemingly promotes a movie about an adventure on Mars.

seemingly (= visiblement)

Documents A/B/C du bac d’anglais LV1 2018 

Q14. : In all three documents, travel seems to be both accessible and inaccessible. Indeed, people can go to “the most remote place on Earth” in document B, on Mars, in document C, or on unique adventures in document A. Everything seems possible. However, the three documents also presents us with unique travel destinations that are only available to the “happy few”. If you do not have enough money, you will not be able to follow Keeley on his adventures, to go and see Antarctica and even less step on Mars.

happy few (= quelques chanceux)

Expression écrite du bac d’anglais LV1 2018


E1. : To what extent is exploration related to travelling? (300 words +- 10%)

OU

E2. :Why do original holidays attract tourists? (300 words +- 10%)

E3. : (Seulement pour les candidats de la série L composant au titre de la LVA)

Phil or Emma lives in Australia and he or she is anxious about the ecological impact of sightseeing flights over Antarctica. He or she writes an article for a local magazine. (150 words +- 10%)

E1. :

L’introduction doit amener le sujet soit avec une ouverture (j’utilise un exemple d’explorateur ici) soit en rappelant simplement le sujet si vous n’avez pas d’idées. Il vaut mieux se contenter de rappeler le sujet plutôt que de faire une amorce absurde ou hors-sujet.

When we think of famous explorers such as Christopher Columbus, we imagine an adventurer taking on a trip to discover uncharted territories. (je lie mon amorce au sujet) Thus, the link between exploration and travelling seems obvious. Indeed, to discover places you are unfamiliar with, you need to travel there, whether it is by bus, by plane, by car or by boat. (je reformule la question du sujet / ou je la répète si je n’ai pas d’idées) However, is exploration necessarily linked to travelling? (j’annonce mon plan en deux parties, sans dire “I will first discuss… parce que c’est lourd et répétitif) If it is true that one needs to travel to explore a foreign region, one can also explore a place that is already near them.

When tourists travel to another country, it often leads to exploration. They expect to wander about in the streets or in the countryside and enjoy the landscape around them. They can decide to change their habits and explore a new way of life: (1 exemple par idée MINIMUM) if they go to Spain for instance, they can adapt their schedule to the Spanish way of life. They can explore with food they have never tried before. (à chaque fin de paragraphe, je rappelle mon argument principal) Travelling is thus very much linked to discoveries and exploration.

However, (j’utilise un connecteur logique (However/Yet/Nevertheless) pour bien marquer l’opposition entre mes deux parties) modern travelling is sometimes not about exploration at all. (1 exemple par idée minimum) The “all-inclusive” resorts focus more on the tourists enjoying all-you-can-eat buffets and the swimming pool than on exploration. It is quite frequent for tourists to go to foreign countries and not leave once their hotel. In that case, absolutely no exploration is made through travelling. Sometimes, exploration has nothing to do with travel. (1 exemple par idée minimum) If you are born in a city like Paris, you can still explore it because it remains full of hidden places you may have never seen. Exploring your region, and discovering new areas can be done without travelling. You can do more exploring in your hometown than you can do by travelling to a foreign country.

To conclude, there is no denying that travelling allows you to become an explorer. (en conclusion, je répète ma première idée) Yet, travelling does not guarantee a real exploration (et je rappelle ma seconde). At the end of the day, exploration has more to do with an attitude than with travel. If you feel like exploring, nothing can stop you: neither distance nor sufficient funds. Sometimes, exploration is just around the corner. (je finis par une réflexion plus large sur le voyage en général, car il est bienvenu d’ouvrir le sujet, mais il vaut mieux encore une fois éviter le hors-sujet. Si vous n’avez pas d’idées d’ouverture, mieux vaut rester sur les arguments déjà avancés dans votre rédaction et ne pas trop s’aventurer)

Mots-clés utiles

uncharted (= inexploré)

obvious (= évident)

to lead to something (= mener à quelque chose)

to wander about/around (= se balader / flâner / déambuler)

the countryside (= la campagne)

a resort (= hôtel)

all-you-can-eat buffet (= buffet à volonté)

a hometown (= une ville natale)

sufficient funds (= des moyens financiers suffisants)

Mots de liaison utiles

neither… nor (= ni… ni)

there is no denying that (= il va sans dire que)

whether (= si)

necessarily (= nécessairement)

E2. : Why do original holidays attract tourists?

Idée de problématique : why are tourists looking for a change of scene when going on a trip?

3 idées principales à articuler :

  • to discover new places / a change of scene (= un dépaysement) / to get your mind off something (= se changer les idées)
  • to see how other people live: to gain from another experience and better understand other cultures.
  •  tourists spend money on travelling, they expect a unique experience that they could not find at home for a lower price.


E4. : Environmental concerns

Attention, texte très court donc très rapide

Idée de plan

1) I understand why tourists would want to come and see Antarctica because it is dazzling and one of the few remaining places on Earth that still is almost untouched by the human hand.

2) However, I fear that these planes flying over the icebergs and emitting kerosene will endanger Earth and do even more harm.

dazzling (= éblouissant, magnifique)

N’hésitez pas à faire le sujet avant de lire le corrigé ! Retenez bien les mots  clés et les mots de liaison. Cela pourrait vraiment vous aider le jour J !